Agriculture Class 10 Questions and Answers Provided helps you to answer complex Questions too easily. You can use them while preparing for board exams and all of them are given by subject experts. Reading NCERT Solutions for Class 10 Social Science Geography Chapter 4 Agriculture familiarizes you with the kind of questions appearing in the board exams. Students are advised to read these solutions on a regular basis to score well.
Agriculture Class 10 Questions and Answers Geography Chapter 4
Make your learning experience enjoyable by preparing from the quick links available on this page. Use the Class 10 SST Geography Chapter 4 NCERT Solutions and get to know different concepts involved. All the Solutions are covered as per the latest syllabus guidelines. Knowing the NCERT Class 10 Geography Chapter 4 Questions and Answers helps students to attempt the exam with confidence.
Agriculture NCERT Intext Questions and Answers
Can you name some industries based on agricultural raw material?
Cotton, jute, silk, woollen textiles, sugar and edible oil, etc. industries are based on agricultural raw materials.
(a) Can you name the type of farming Rinjha’s family is engaged in?
(b) Can you enlist some crops which are grown in such farming?
(a) Rinjha’s family is engaged in ‘slash and burn’ agriculture, also known as primitive subsistence farming. This is the type of farming in which farmers clear a patch of land and produce cereals and other food crops to sustain their families.
(b) Cereals like bajra and rice as well as vegetables and food crops are grown in such farming.
Can you name some of the states of India where such farming is practised?
Madhya Pradesh, Chhattisgarh, Assam, and other north-eastern states, Andhra Pradesh, Odisha, etc.
Can you give some more examples of crops which may be commercial in one region and may provide subsistence in another region?
Wheat is a commercial crop in Punjab, Haryana and Western Uttar Pradesh but it is a subsistence crop in Madhya Pradesh and Bihar.
Geography Class 10 Chapter 4 NCERT Textbook Questions and Answers
Multiple Choice Questions Choose the correct option:
(i) Which one of the following describes a system of agriculture where a single crop is grown on a large area?
(a) Shifting Agriculture
(b) Plantation Agriculture
(d) Intensive Agriculture
(b) Plantation Agriculture
(ii) Which one of the following is a rabi crop?
(iii) Which one of the following is a leguminous crop?
(iv) Which one of the following is announced by the government in support of a crop?
(a) Maximum support price
(b) Minimum support price
(c) Moderate support price
(d) Influential support price
(b) Minimum support price
Answer the following questions in 30 words.
(i) Name one important beverage crop and specify the geographical conditions required for its growth.
Tea is an important beverage crop.
Geographical conditions required for its growth-
- The tea plant grows well in tropical and sub-tropical climates endowed with deep and fertile well- drained soil, rich in humus and organic matter.
- Tea bushes require warm and moist frost-free climate all through the year.
- Frequent showers evenly distributed over the year ensure continuous growth of tender tea leaves.
(ii) Name one staple crop of India and the regions where it is produced.
- Rice is an important staple crop of India.
- The regions where it is produced
- Rice is grown in the plains of north and north-eastern India, coastal areas and the deltaic regions. It is produced in areas of less rainfall such as Punjab, Haryana and Western Uttar Pradesh and parts of Rajasthan with the help of canal irrigation.
(iii) Enlist the various institutional reform programmes introduced by the government in the interest of farmers.
The various institutional reform programmes introduced by the government in the interest of farmers are-
- Crop insurance against drought, flood, cyclone, fire and disease.
- Establishment of Grameen banks, cooperative societies and banks for providing loan facilities to the farmers at lower rates of interest.
- Kisan Credit Card (KCC), Personal Accident Insurance Scheme (PAIS).
- Minimum support price.
(iv) The land under cultivation has got reduced day by day. Can you imagine its consequences?
It has many serious consequences-
- Shortage of foodgrains
- Rise in price of foodgrains
- Food insecurity
- Bad quality of foodgrains due to use of more and more chemicals in the limited land
- Degradation in the quality of land.
Answer the following questions in about 120 words.
(i) Suggest the initiative taken by the government to ensure the increase in agricultural production.
Considering the importance of agriculture in India, the Government of India has made concerted efforts to ensure the increase in agricultural production-
(a) The government gave top priority to collectivisation, consolidation of holdings, cooperation and abolition of zamindari, etc. to bring about institutional reforms in the country after Independence.
(b) Land reform was the main focus of our First Five Year Plan. The laws of land reforms were enacted.
(c) The Green Revolution based on the use of package technology and the White Revolution or Operation Flood were some of the strategies initiated by the government to improve Indian agriculture.
(d) A comprehensive land development programme was initiated in the 1980s and 1990s which included both institutional and technical reforms. Provision for crop insurance against drought, flood, etc., establishment of Grameen banks, cooperative societies and banks for providing loan facilities to the farmers at lower rates of interests were some important steps in this direction.
(e) Kisan Credit Card (KCC), Personal Accident Insurance Scheme (PAIS) were introduced for the benefit of the farmers.
(f) The government is providing subsidies on agriculture inputs such as fertilisers, power and water.
(f) The government has also announced minimum support price for the benefit of the farmers.
(ii) Describe the geographical conditions required for the growth of rice.
- Rice is a kharif crop which requires high temperature, above (25°C) and high humidity with annual rainfall above 100 cm. In the areas of less rainfall, it grows with the help of irrigation.
- Rich alluvial soils of the floodplains and deltaic regions are ideal for the cultivation of rice.
- Rice cultivation also requires manual labour.
Group discussion on the necessity of literacy among farmers.
Agriculture is the backbone of Indian economy. The responsibility of agriculture lies upon Indian farmers. They are not only poor economically but also illiterate too. So, the farmers must be given proper education. If they are properly educated, then they will be able to know about the quality of their land, higher varieties of seeds, fertilisers, pesticides and so on. Till time, a lot of farmers still cultivate their land in the old fashioned way. It not only takes more time but lot of efforts too. This is the reason that the farmers are still lagging behind. So they must be made acquainted with the latest technologies and equipment.
If they get properly educated, then they will be able to know about:
- latest equipment and machines that will help in improving agricultural production
- soil conditions whether these are suitable for a particular crop or its nutrients be increased
- fertilisers, high variety seeds, pesticides, etc. for the growth of a crop
- better irrigation facility
- Kisan Credit Cards (KCC), Personal Accident Insurance Scheme (PAIS) etc.
- their rights which the government provides to them from time to time.
On an outline map of India show wheat producing areas.
Solve the puzzle by following your search horizontally and vertically to find the hidden answers.
1. The two staple food crops of India.
2. This is the summer cropping season of India.
3. Pulses like arhar, moong,gram, urad contain…
4. It is a coarse grain.
5. The two important beverages in India are…
6. One of the four major fibres grown on black soils.
1. Wheat and rice
5. Tea and Coffee
Class 10 Geography Chapter 4 NCERT Intext Activity Questions and Answers
List the items which are made of rubber and are used by us.
List of items made of rubber and are used by us:
(ii) Belts and hoses
(iii) Latex foam
(iv) Automobile tyres and tubes
(v) Camel back
(vi) Dipped goods
(vii) Cycle tyres and tubes
(vii) Tools and equipment
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