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Tribes, Nomads and Settled Communities Class 7 Questions and Answers History Chapter 7
Make your learning experience enjoyable by preparing from the quick links available on this page. Use the Class 7 SST History Chapter 7 NCERT Solutions and get to know different concepts involved. All the Solutions are covered as per the latest syllabus guidelines. Knowing the NCERT Class 7 History Chapter 7 Questions and Answers helps students to attempt the exam with confidence.
Match the following
|Column A||Column B|
|1. garh||(a) Khel|
|2. tanda||(b) Chaurasi|
|3. labourer||(c) Caravan|
|4. clan||(d) Garha Katanga|
|5. Sib Singh||(e) Ahom state|
|6. Durgawati||(f) paik|
Fill in the blank.
(a) The new castes emerging within varnas were called _____________ .
(b) ___________ were historical works written by the Ahoms.
(c) The ____________ mentions that Garha Katanga had 70,000 villages.
(d) As tribal states became bigger and stronger, they gave land grants to ______ and ______ .
(c) Akbar Nama
(d) temples and Brahmanas
State whether true or false.
(a) Tribal societies had rich oral traditions.
(b) There were no tribal communities in the north-western part of the subcontinent.
(c) The chaurasi in Gond states contained several cities.
(d) The Bhils lived in the north-eastern part of the subcontinent.
What kinds of exchanges took place between nomadic pastoralists and settled agriculturists?
The nomadic pastoralists exchanged the things from agriculturists. They provided them wool, ghee etc., and grain, cloth, utensils and other products were taken from them.
How was the administration of the Ahom state-organized?
Administration of the Ahom state was organized by the forced labour. Paiks were the people who were forced to work for the state. Each village had to send a number of paiks by rotation. In such a way administration of the Ahom state was organized.
What changes took place in varna-based society?
In varna-based society following changes took place:
(i) Smaller castes or jatis emerged within varnas due to the growth of economy and the needs of society;
(ii) Many tribes and social groups were taken to caste-based society and were given jatis as per their status;
(iii) Various artisAnswer: such as smiths, carpenter and masons were also given separate jatis by the Brahmanas;
(iv) Hence, jatis rather than varna, became the basis for organizing society.
How did tribal societies change after being organized into a state?
The emergence of large states changed the nature of tribal societies. The Gond society and the Ahom society are such examples which expressed that the tribal societies change after being organized into a state.
(i) Brahmanas received land grants from the Gond rajas and became more influential and, as Gond chiefs wished to be recognized as Rajputs, they changed their names such as Aman Das, the Gond Raja changed his name as Sangram Singh.
(ii) The Ahom Kings granted to the temple and Brahmanas and thus influence of Brahmanas increased. In the reign of Sib Singh, Hinduism became the predominant religion. But the Ahom kings did not completely give up their traditional beliefs after adopting Hinduism.
Were the Banjaras important for the economy?
Yes, the banjaras were important for the economy as they were the most important nomads. They played an important role in trAnswer:porting grain to the city markets by the Delhi SultAnswer:. The grains were carried in bullocks from different areas and sold in towns or on the places where it had a great demand. They were also used for trAnswer:porting the food grains for Mughal army during military campaigns. Thus, banjaras were very useful for both the purposes i.e. for economy and administration.
In what ways was the history of the Gonds different from that of the Ahoms? Were there any similarities?
History of the Gonds was different from that of the Ahoms in these ways:
(i) The Gonds lived in a vast forested region called Gondwana whereas the Ahoms in the Brahmaputra valley migrated from Burma (Myanmar)
(ii) Raja or Rai were the different clAnswer: of Gonds while Ahoms created new state by suppressing the old political system of the bhuiy.
(iii) The Ahoms established a large state while the Gonds could not establish a big or large state. Similarities between Gonds and Ahoms: Many sources expressed that both were influenced with the Brahmanas and they had been given an high honour in the state. Apart from this, both the king of Gonds and Ahoms granted them land as prizes on many occasions.
Plot the location of the tribes mentioned in this chapter on a map. For any two, discuss whether their mode of livelihood was suited to the geography and the environment of the area where they lived.
The location of the tribes can be seen in the map. They live in different parts of India.
Most of the tribes had their home in the forests or adjoining to the forested areas. Their livelihood was closely associated with the forest. They were engaged in the activities of cattle rearing, shifting cultivation, forest produces and some time in the settled agriculture. Thus, their mode of livelihood was suited to the geography and the environment of the area where they lived.
Find out about present-day government policies towards tribal populations and organize a discussion about these.
Since independence of India, our government is continuously making efforts for betterment of tribes through the policies in various fields. Govt, of India has made a separate Ministry as well as State Govts, also established Departments for their welfare. TRIFED, New Delhi is an organization under Govt, of India which purchases their products on a good price and sells them into the open market. Govt, organizations, as well as various NGOs, are also doing work for preserving their unique culture and art.
Find out more about present-day nomadic pastoral groups in the subcontinent. What animals do they keep? Which are the areas frequented by these groups?
Present-day various nomadic pastoral groups are found in the subcontinent. Tribes usually thrived in the forests, hills and desert areas of the subcontinents. In the western Himalayas-Gaddi shepherds, in the Jammu and Kashmir-Gujjar Bakarwals, in the Uttar Pradesh, Rajasthan and Madhya Pradesh-Banjaras are living.
These nomadic groups keep different type of cattle as per their convenience. They reared sheep, goat, buffalo, bulls, camels etc. They frequently visit their nearby areas where they sell their animals and its produces. During the visit, they also purchase goods for their need.
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