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Judiciary Class 8 Questions and Answers Civics Chapter 5
Make your learning experience enjoyable by preparing from the quick links available on this page. Use the Class 8 SST Civics Chapter 5 NCERT Solutions and get to know different concepts involved. All the Solutions are covered as per the latest syllabus guidelines. Knowing the NCERT Class 8 Civics Chapter 5 Questions and Answers helps students to attempt the exam with confidence.
Civics Class 8 Chapter 5 NCERT Textbook Questions and Answers
You read that one of the main functions of the judiciary is ‘upholding the law and Enforcing Fundamental Rights’. Why do you think an independent judiciary is necessary to carry out this important function?
Yes the independent judiciary is necessary to carry out this important function because:
One aspect of this independence is the ‘separation of powers’ that is a key feature of the Constitution which means that the branches of the state like the legislature and the executive – cannot interfere in the work of judiciary. The court are not under the government and do not act on their behalf so that without any misuse of power the legislature and the executive can work.
It also allows any individual to move to court if their Fundamental Rights get violated because the court is free to hear and give decisions for protecting the Fundamental Rights of any individual without any external interference.
Re-read the list of Fundamental Rights provided in Chapter 1. How do you think the Right to Constitutional Remedies connects to the idea of judicial review?
In case of violation of any Fundamental Rights of any of the citizen in the country, the individual can move to courts regarding that violation and by using the power of the rights to Constitutional Remedies which allows citizens to move to any court of law for justice. The judiciary using the power of judicial review can strictly act on the decision done against any individual and can get justice to them. This is how the Right to Constitutional Remedies connects to the ideas of judicial review.
In the following illustration, fill in each tier with the judgments given by the various courts in the Sudha Goel case. Check your responses with others in class.
Lower Court: On the basis of evidences, the trial court convicted Laxman, his mother Shakuntala and his brother-in-law Subash Chandra and sentenced all three of them to death.
High Court: When the three accused went to High Court to appeal against the verdict of the trial court. The High Court decided that Sudha had died due to an accidental fire caused by the kerosene stove. Laxman, Shakuntala and Subash Chandra were acquitted.
Supreme Court: After the Supreme Court heard this appeal against the acquittal of Laxman and the two members of his family, they found Laxman and his mother guilty but acquitted the brother-in-law Suhash because they did not have enough evidence against him.
Keeping the Sudha Goel case in mind, tick the sentences that are true and correct the ones that are false.
(a) The accused took the case to the High Court because they were unhappy with the decision of the Trial Court.
(b) They went to the High Court after the Supreme Court had given its decision.
(c) If they do not like the Supreme Court verdict, the accused can go back again to the Trial Court.
(b) False, Ist they went to High Court as the High Court is the subordinate court to Supreme Court and Supreme Court is an apex. One cannot easily challenge the verdict of the Supreme Court.
(c) False, the reason the same as second one as the Trial Courts are the most subordinate Court.
Why do you think the introduction of Public Interest Litigation (PIL) in the 1980s is a significant step in ensuring access to justice for all?
Yes, introduction of PIL in 1980’s is a significant step in ensuring access to justice for all as it allows any individual or organisation to file a PIL in the High Court or the Supreme Court on behalf of those whose rights were being violated. The legal process was greatly simplified and even a letter or telegram addressed to the Supreme Court on the High Court could be treated as PIL. In the early years, PIL was used to secure justice on a large number of issues such as rescuing bonded labourers from inhuman work conditions and securing the release of prisoners in Bihar who had been kept in jail even after their punishment term was complete.
Re-read excerpts from the judgment on the Olga Tellis vs Bombay Municipal Corporation case. Now write in your own words what the judges meant when they said that the Right to Livelihood was part of the Right to Life.
Right to Livelihood as a part of Right to Life means that the proper livelihood is always required for living a proper life and Right to Life is the basic Fundamental Right of every citizen.
Write a story around the theme, ‘Justice delayed is justice denied’.
Do it by yourself by crediting any story around the themes, ‘Justice delayed is Justice denied’.
Make sentences with each of the glossary words given bellow:
- Acquit: Although he was found guilty in eyes of society, but the court acquitted him for lack of evidence.
- To Appeal: I need to appeal to the government by writing constant letters for the improvement of the current scenario of my area.
- Compensation: The government had given compensation to all those who had been injured in the train derail.
- Eviction: Using the false power, the builder forced the family to evict his house forcefully.
- Violation: Smoking in the No smoking zone is the violation of public safety rules.
The following is a poster made by the Right to Food campaign.
Read this poster and list the duties of the government to uphold the Right to Food.
How does the phrase “Hungry stomachs, overflowing godowns! We will not accept it!!” used in the poster relate to the photo essay on the Right to Food on page 61?
It is duty of the government to uphold the Right to Food and government ensures this by using Ration system to provide cheap food and gets it available to all. It is the duty of the government to provide food security even in droughts. Government has the duty to provide more employment, to provide mid day meals etc.
Class 8 Civics Chapter 5 NCERT Intext Activity Questions and Answers
Do you think that any ordinary citizen stands a chance against a politician in this kind of judicial system? Why not?
Yes, obviously any ordinary citizen stands a chance against a politician in this kind of judiciary system where independent judiciary system is followed.
List two reasons why you believe an independent judiciary is essential to democracy.
The two reasons why an independent judiciary is essential to democracy are:
- This allows the court to play a central role in ensuring that there is no misuse of power by the legislature and the executive.
- Independent judiciary system plays a crucial role in protecting the Fundamental rights of the citizen because anyone can approach the courts if they believe that their rights have been violated.
Write two sentences of what you understand about the appellate system from the given case.
An appellate system described through the case is that scenario in which if a person is satisfied with the verdict of any lower court then he/she can move further to the upper courts if the person is innocent, he is supposed to get justice from the upper courts.
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