Women, Caste and Reform Class 8 Questions and Answers Provided helps you to answer complex Questions too easily. You can use them while preparing for board exams and all of them are given by subject experts. Reading NCERT Solutions for Class 8 Social Science History Chapter 9 Women, Caste and Reform familiarizes you with the kind of questions appearing in the board exams. Students are advised to read these solutions on a regular basis to score well.
Women, Caste and Reform Class 8 Questions and Answers History Chapter 9
Make your learning experience enjoyable by preparing from the quick links available on this page. Use the Class 8 SST History Chapter 9 NCERT Solutions and get to know different concepts involved. All the Solutions are covered as per the latest syllabus guidelines. Knowing the NCERT Class 8 History Chapter 9 Questions and Answers helps students to attempt the exam with confidence.
History Class 8 Chapter 9 NCERT Textbook Questions and Answers
What social ideas did the following people support?
Rammohan Roy, Dayanand Saraswati, Veerasalingam Pantulu, Jyotirao Phule, Pandita Ramabai, Periyar, Mumtaz Ali, Ishwarchandra Vidyasagar
(i) Rammohan Roy – Sati Pratha abolition, supporter of western education
(ii) Dayanand Saraswati – Reform in Hindus, Re-marriage of Widows.
(iii) Veerasalingam Pantulu – Widow re-marriage.
(iv) Jyotirao Phule – Caste equality.
(v) Pandita Ramabai – Worked for widow upper caste women, Founded widow home at Poona.
(vi) Periyar – Self respect movement, untouchability.
(vi) Mumtaz Ali – Advocating gender equality, women rights.
(vii) Ishwarchandra Vidyasagar – Re-marriage of widows.
True and False
(a) When the British captured Bengal they framed many new laws to regulate the rules regarding marriage, adoption, inheritance of property, etc.
(b) Social reformers had to discard the ancient texts in order to argue for reform in social practices.
(c) Reforms got full support from all sections of the people of the country.
(d) The children Marriage Restraint Act was passed in 1929.
How did the knowledge of ancient texts help the reformers promote new laws?
The knowledge of ancient texts helped the reformers for the promotion of new laws as they tried convincing people that ill practices of that time period was not at all sanctioned in any ancient text.
The knowledge about ancient text created confidence in the minds of reformers to protect their points with full confidence. This created the absence of fear against the people of society who were against the reformers ideology of transforming the society.
What were the different reasons people had for not sending girls to school?
The different reasons people had for not sending girls were:
- The people feared that the girls would be taken away from the home and would be prevented from doing any domestic works and duties.
- In order to reach school, girls had to travel through several public places. In the process it was believed that it would create corrupt influence on them, as it was believed by the people that the girl should stay away from public spaces.
Why were Christian missionaries attacked by many people in the country? Would some people have support them too? If so, for what reasons?
It was believed that the Christian missionaries that were introduced in India aimed at conversion of the religions of the people from Hinduisms to Christianity. That was why it was basically opposed by many people.
The people who supported it saw a whole new scope and leniency in the new religion, they found this was helping the people and children of ‘lower castes’ and tribal groups to get equipped with some resources in the process to make way into a changing world.
In the British period, what new opportunities opened up for people who came from castes that were regarded as “low”?
The new opportunities that opened for the people from castes regarded as “low” can be seen in the form of setting up of schools by the Christian missionaries helping the children to increase their horizon and make their way into a changing world.
- New demands of labour was created with expansion of cities.
- Drains, roads, buildings started to be constructed.
- The work of cleaning cities was to be done.
- The demand of labour involved as coolies, diggers, carriers, bricks layers, etc., were fulfilled from the migration of low caste people to the cities.
- Work in plantations in Assam, Mauritius etc., and other locations was seen tough but the people of low caste saw this as an opportunity to get away from the oppressive hold of upper castes over their lives and the daily humiliation they suffered.
How did Jyotirao the reformers justify their criticism of caste inequality in society?
On growing up Jyotirao Phule developed his own ideas about the injustices of caste society. He attacked the Brahmans as the Brahmans claimed themselves to be superior because they were Aryans. Phule argued that the Aryans were foreigners who defeated and subjugated the true children of the country. The Aryans, according to him, defeated the weakers as low caste people.
According to Phule upper castes had no right to their land and power. In reality, the land belonged to indigenous people, the so called low castes. Phule claimed that before Aryans, there existed golden age when warrior peasants tilled land and ruled the Maratha country side in just and fair ways. Phule’s proposal was that Shudras should write to challenge caste discrimination.
Why did Phule dedicate his book Gulamgiri to the American movement to free slaves? ‘
Phule dedicated his book Gulamgiri to all those American who had fought to free slaves. It was dedicated with the purpose of establishing link between the conditions of the lower castes in India and Black slaves in America.
What did Ambedkar want to achieve through the temple entry movement?
Ambedkar, through the temple entry movement, wanted to achieve his aim to make everyone see the power of caste prejudices within the society.
Why were Jyotirao Phule and Ramaswamy Naicker critical of the national movement? Did the criticism help the national struggle in any way?
They both were critical of the national movement as the movement which involved high caste people has never cared about the dignity of the low caste people several incidents projected a clear picture of indiscrimination and social division.
There criticism help the national struggle in many ways:
- It united the low caste people again to the injustice.
- It also argued against inequalities in the society.
- It influenced the mind of several upper class people who were educated. They saw the status of low class people miserable, this helped in the new form of unity.
Hope the data shared above regarding the NCERT Class 8 Social Science History Chapter 9 Women, Caste and Reform PDF has aided in your exam preparation. If you ever need any assistance you can always reach us and our team will guide you at the soonest possibility.